Filtering mails

We filter incoming mails with Rspamd which uses multiple filtering and statistical methods to generate a spam score, including (but not limited to) SPF, DMARC and DNS blacklists. You can train the filter by moving mails into the Spam folder in your mailbox, mails moved out of the Spam folder will be learned as ham. We also autolearn ham and spam, which means that every mail with a negative score is auto-learned as ham, while every mail with a score higher than the rejection score is auto-learned as spam, given that the Bayes filter hasn’t already identified it as ham or spam.

Configure spam folder

Use uberspace mail spamfolder to configure the spam folder for all mailboxes in your account. Mails with a spam score greater than 5 will get sorted into the Spam folder in the according mailbox. If you want to change the rejection score, please have a look at the examples in our description for Sieve.

[eliza@dolittle ~]$ uberspace mail spamfolder status
The spam folder is enabled.
[eliza@dolittle ~]$ uberspace mail spamfolder disable
The spam folder is now disabled.
[eliza@dolittle ~]$ uberspace mail spamfolder enable
The spam folder is now enabled.


Mails within the spam folder are auto-expunged after 30 days.


We implement the spam folder by manipulating your ~/.qmail-default. Enabling spam folders effectively means that a maildrop filter named ~/.spamfolder is created which just includes the global template /opt/uberspace/etc/spamfolder.template. That global template basically resembles what vdeliver does - retrieving the target Maildir and optional mail forward targets. Disabling spam folders effectively means resetting ~/.qmail-default to call vdeliver instead of maildrop.


Spam filtering and sorting does not work with the system mailbox. Create user mailboxes instead!